Your symptoms, and whether you even experience pain, can depend on the type of hernia you have and where it has developed. There are various types of hernias that exist, and each one typically develops in a different region of the body.

Let’s break down the different types of hernias that you may experience.

Types of Hernias: Where They Occur and How They Affect You

Inguinal Hernia

One of the most common types of hernias in men, an inguinal hernia occurs when fatty tissue or an intestine protrudes through the inguinal canal located in the groin. Hernias here can result in a bulge in the groin or pelvic area at the top of the inner thigh. Some men experience hernia testicular pain, while other men and women don’t experience obvious pain or symptoms.

Femoral Hernia

This occurs when fatty tissue or an intestine protrudes near the femoral artery at the top of the inner thigh. They’re most common in older women (and women in general).

Umbilical Hernia

An umbilical hernia is one that occurs near the belly button, where an umbilical cord used to be. Newborns can often develop umbilical hernias during pregnancy when their abdominal muscles fail to fully close around their intestines, creating a weak spot around the navel where intestines and other soft tissue can bulge out.

The good news is that children don’t often experience pain with these hernias. However, pain, discomfort, and blockages can occur if the hernia does not heal on its own.

Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach is pushed into your chest cavity through your diaphragm, the muscle that allows you to breathe. Also known as a paraesophageal hernia, this hernia typically develops when tissue is able to push up through the esophagus. These don’t typically cause symptoms, but you may experience heartburn and discomfort.

Ventral Hernia

This can develop along the vertical center of the abdominal wall, right along the internal front of your body. Three types of ventral hernias include:

  • Epigastric (stomach) hernias – a hernia near the belly button but under the breast bone
  • Umbilical hernias – a hernia near the belly button
  • Incisional hernias – a hernia that develops at an incision site healing after surgery. It usually occurs when the intestine seeps through the healing tissue and bulges out.

Spigelian Hernia

A Spigelian hernia occurs when the intestine pushes against the abdomen under the belly button but above the pelvic area. 

Diaphragmatic Hernia

A diaphragmatic hernia is like a hiatal hernia, except organs have pushed through into the chest through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm.

By Admin